The first look at the clock and its function can be seen in Stonehenge. Stonehenge uses a circle shape to represent the roundness of the sun and the arching the sun makes around the earth. The stones are used as "dials" to help direct the shadows to help understand time of day.
As years go by the invention of the sun-dial begins to strengthen and smaller versions begin to exist. However, there is a problem with this form of telling time. When the sun is not out, the sundial is of non use. This encourages the use for other techniques. Then the start of water clocks began.
Mechanical clocks begin to form after, and it is this form of clock that allows the industrial revolution to take control. The round nature of the clock with its repetitive movements help symbolize the sun and the roundness of it and the earth. Today we continue to incorporate these things, but create more efficient and easier ways today. Below are pictures showing the way the clock has developed since the industrial revolution and how they are made so often that practically everyone owns one. If not, they are able to see one everyday. Clocks are now everywhere and on everything thanks to the revolution and industrial practices. They have moved from a sacred important spot to something we use multiple times a day. They not only tell one what time it is, but help schedule around those times.
PS- another linking the clock has is to the railroad system. It helps transportation with the railroads be more approachable and usable providing arrival and departure times.